Frost drop is one of the traditional 24 solar terms. It is also the last solar term of autumn, which means that winter is coming. Bringing the "cold knowledge" of the frosting custom on October 24, why do you want to eat persimmons at this time?
Frost drop is at the turn of autumn and winter, at this time physical health is particularly important. In addition to preventing cold and keeping warm, and adjusting the diet structure, many places are generally accustomed to eating persimmons, and ducks are popular in the south.
"Transitional solar terms" from autumn to winter
As the poem says, "Frost precipitation returns, the wind falls and the trees return to the mountains." Frost drops generally occur around October 23 of the Gregorian calendar each year, which means that the weather is getting colder and the first frost appears. It is also a transitional solar term from autumn to winter.
In "The 72nd Collection of the Moon Order", "In mid-September, the gas is condensed and the dew is frost." It means that the "frost drop" means that the weather is gradually getting colder and the dew is condensing into frost.
At this time, the temperature suddenly drops, and the water vapor in the air condenses directly on the ground or plants to form fine ice needles, and some will also become hexagonal frost flowers.
In meteorology, the first frost that appears in autumn is generally called "early frost" or "primary frost", and the latter frost that appears in spring is called "late frost" or "final frost". Of course, because the chrysanthemum is in full bloom at this time, there is also a morning frost called "chrysanthemum frost".
Folklore expert Xiao Fang explained that the "frost starts to frost" reflects the climatic characteristics of the Yellow River Basin, but for most parts of China, the frost is the day when the cold air arrives. ".
Ascension drinking chrysanthemum
After the frost came, the season was near winter. In the long time, people have formed some frosting customs, hoping to get rid of the viciousness, and to be peaceful in the later life.
For example, in Yantai, Shandong and other places, there is a practice of welcoming frost in the western suburbs of Frost Drop Festival. In the area of Gaoming, Guangdong, there is a custom of "sending taro ghosts" before the frost.
It is said that local children will use the tile to build the Vatican Tower and light the firewood in the tower. After the tiles have become hot, they will destroy the tower to make taro, called "Taro Pot", and then throw the tiles outside the village. Called "giving taro ghosts", I hope to remove "ominous" through such actions.
When the frost came, the weather was not very cold, and it was still a popular thing to climb high and watch the chrysanthemums for drinking. Autumn chrysanthemums are still in bloom. Many places in China hold chrysanthemums at this time to appreciate chrysanthemums and drink alcohol to show their love for chrysanthemums.
"It's better to make up every year than to make up frost."
From a life perspective, when the weather is cold, it should be supplemented appropriately. There is a saying saying "one year to replenish Tongtong, it is better to replenish frost and drop", which shows that this solar term has an impact on people's lives.
So at this time, some areas in the south will eat ducks before and after the frost. This is because duck meat has less fat and can be eaten by people of all ages, which is suitable as a tonic diet.
In addition, people eat beef during frost. For example, residents in some places are accustomed to eat beef and radish on beef or sirloin pots for lunch or dinner on the day of frost to supplement their energy and pray for their health in winter.
When it comes to seasonal food, people will most likely eat persimmons before and after the frost, thinking that it has a "warming stomach" effect. In Beijing, all kinds of hot pot are very popular, and they also eat chrysanthemum hot pot and barbecue, which is how people adjust their diet according to the characteristics of solar terms.
In fact, the "twenty-four solar terms", including frost, are the knowledge system formed by ancients by observing the annual solar movement and cognizing the changes in seasonal, climatic, and phenological changes throughout the year. .
According to this, people arrange agricultural production and even food, clothing and housing. These twenty-four solar terms have also continued in the rich and colorful folk life. (Shangguan Yun)
(Editors: Wu Xiaoqin, Ding Tao)
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