08:13, May 14, 2019 Source: Shaanxi Daily
In order to implement the important decision-making arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council on the supervision of ecological environmental protection, from November 3 to December 3, 2018, the second Central Ecological Environmental Protection Inspection Team (hereinafter referred to as the Inspection Team) A round of central environmental protection supervision and rectification was carried out to "look back", arrange special supervision for air pollution prevention and control, and form supervision opinions. With the approval of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the inspection team provided feedback to the Shaanxi Provincial Party Committee and Provincial Government on May 13, 2019. Zhu Zhixin, the leader of the supervision team, informed the supervisory opinion, Hu Heping, the secretary of the Provincial Party Committee, made a statement, chaired by Liu Guozhong, the governor of the CPPCC, Han Yong, the chairman of the CPPCC, Huang Runqiu, the deputy head of the supervision team, and He Rong, the deputy secretary of the provincial party committee.
The inspector believes that Shaanxi Province earnestly implements the internship of Jinping's ecological civilization thoughts, insists that the central environmental protection inspection and rectification should be taken as an important starting point to strengthen the construction of ecological civilization and ecological environment, strengthen the deployment, pay close attention to implementation, and achieve positive progress and results in rectification.
Since the feedback from the inspectors, Shaanxi Province has repeatedly held meetings of the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party Committee and the Executive Committee of the Provincial Government to study and deploy the rectification work of the inspectors. The comrades of the Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government have repeatedly visited the scene to supervise the rectification work. Area) to conduct public interviews. We further promoted the elimination and management of illegal quarrying enterprises in key ecological areas such as the "dry belt" in Weibei, and the number of quarrying companies decreased from 810 in 2014 to 277. We will increase efforts to control the potential risks of the leakage of crude oil pipelines in northern Shaanxi and the tailings reservoirs in southern Shaanxi, complete the replacement of 96 pipelines of hidden dangers in Changqing Oilfield and the replacement of 10 hidden pipelines, conduct risk investigations on 244 tailings reservoirs, and "No main warehouse" and 14 "head storages" were rectified, and environmental risks were controlled.
Vigorously coordinate and promote the air pollution prevention and cooperation in the Fenwei Plain, set up an expert committee on air pollution prevention and control, and carry out "one city, one policy" tracking point. The water pollution prevention and control continued to advance, and the water quality of the main rivers was stable and better, and the water quality of the two major river basins of the Hanjiang River and Danjiang River was stable above Class III, which ensured the safety of water quality at the source of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project. The Xixian New District blocked 250 sewage outlets along five rivers in the country, invested 1.538 billion yuan to build sewage treatment facilities, and the sewage treatment capacity reached 300,000 tons per day.
Since 2017, five local regulations, including the "Regulations on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution in Shaanxi Province," have been revised and promulgated, and the implementation opinions and specific implementation plans for the battle against pollution have been issued, and pollution prevention has been comprehensively strengthened. Formulated the "Evaluation and Evaluation Measures for the Construction Goals of Ecological Civilization in Shaanxi Province", set environmental violation accountability indicators, and conducted audits on the departure of natural resources assets of leading cadres. Since 2017, it has achieved full coverage of inspections in 12 cities (districts) in three batches. Realize ecological environmental protection responsibility.
Shaanxi Province attaches great importance to this "looking back" work, supervising, reforming, and implementing reforms to promote the solution of the ecological and environmental problems around a large number of people. As of March 2019, the mass reporting issues assigned by the inspection team have basically been resolved, of which 720 were ordered for rectification; 225 were filed for punishment, and a fine of 24.69 million yuan; 13 cases were filed for investigation and 8 people were detained; 267 people were interviewed for accountability 417 people.
The inspector pointed out that although positive progress has been made in the rectification work in Shaanxi Province, some localities and departments have low political standing, a stubborn attitude to rectification, and inadequate responsibilities for implementation. Perfunctory rectification, surface rectification, and pretend rectification are still prominent in some areas.
The first is the lack of awareness of ideas. Some leading cadres did not fully understand Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization, and the concepts of emphasizing development and emphasizing protection had not been effectively reversed. General Secretary Xi Jinping made six important instructions on the illegal villa construction in Qinling, but Shaanxi Province and Xi'an seriously violated political discipline and political rules on the illegal villa construction in the northern foot of Qinling. The lessons are profound and alarming. In 2017, the "Qinling Ecological Environmental Protection Regulations of Shaanxi Province" was revised to relax the requirements. In the management of development and construction activities in moderate development zones, a negative list was used instead of "delineation of construction control zones", and "Bashan ecological environmental protection activities refer to these regulations" The "Provision Implementation" clause has made Bashan's ecological environment protection, which is an important ecological security barrier in central China, without basis. The Qinling Ecological Environmental Protection Master Plan issued in 2018 only requires that the 19 counties included in the state's key ecological function zones be managed in accordance with the negative list, and the development and construction activities of the other 20 counties are not regulated.
In the rectification and reform, it is hard to dare to act, and dare not to control, or to control, large enterprises. The first round of inspections referred to the Shaanxi Huangling Coal Chemical Company's pollution problems five times, but the rectification was still weak. During the 2018 National People's Congress law enforcement inspection, it was found that prolonged emissions from the Petrochemical Xinghua Chemical Company and the long-term excessive emission of sulfur dioxide by the Jinduicheng Molybdenum Company have been found. This time, “Looking back” also found 4 companies including Hancheng Longmen Coal Chemical Company The environmental violations of similar enterprises are prominent.
The state ’s three orders and five applications strictly forbid “one size fits all” for ecological environment protection. However, in the process of “straightening pollution” in Baoji High-tech Zone and Xi'an International Port Area, in the event of insufficient screening and identification, in order to respond to supervision and inspection, emergency water cutoffs were taken. Measures such as power outages or forced enterprises to “three clean up” on their own have led to the closure of some non-scattered and polluted enterprises, which seriously affected the production and life of the masses. Xianyang City's Qindu District and Yangling Demonstration District's Yangling District have not been able to coordinate the construction of a no-fire zone, which has affected residents' warmth and winter. Under the banner of "pollution control and haze reduction", Binzhou forced the interception of vehicles to receive car wash services and charged fees. It stopped after being notified by the Ministry of Ecology and Environment at the end of August 2018, and the impact was very bad.
Second, the responsibility for rectification is not implemented. The problem of unreliable coal reduction has not been effectively rectified. The coal reduction work of the Provincial Development and Reform Commission mainly relies on aggregated data. In particular, the coal companies have loosened their requirements for coal reduction, and have not implemented well the work of “setting heat with electricity” and power season optimal scheduling. 2017 Coal reduction tasks for enterprises above designated size have only achieved 66.78% of their target. The former Provincial Department of Land and Resources dealt with the matter and replaced the specific implementation plan of the mine geological environment restoration and comprehensive treatment with the relevant work plan that was issued before the rectification plan was issued. It is not targeted and instructive, and not only directly affects the rectification. The results are also misleading for local work. Provincial Water Resources Department and other departments take shortcuts and make changes in the promotion of small hydropower stations. They try to replace the rectification by adjusting the scope of protected areas and functional areas.
After the Xianyang New Town Management Committee of Xixian New District cleared the management ownership of the Poyang Sewage Treatment Plant in Shaanxi Province, they still pushed each other with Poyang County, resulting in the implementation of the first and second phase of the sewage treatment plant's combined management project being delayed until "looking back", The daily supervision of the sewage treatment plant is still under vacuum. Ankang City did not advance the task of upgrading the city ’s Jiangnan Wastewater Treatment Plant. It did not start the relocation project until August 2018. As of “looking back”, there are still nearly 10,000 tons of domestic sewage discharged directly into the Han River every day.
Third, perfunctory rectification and surface rectification are more common. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People ’s Republic of China has given poor guidance on the clean-up and banning of “scattered and polluted” enterprises. The standards for the management of “scattered and polluted” companies in many cities are different and have large randomness. Shops, Internet cafes, hotels, etc. are included in the "scattered pollution" scope. Weinan City ’s deployment of Qinling ’s quarrying ecological damage recovery and management work was not timely and meticulous. Most quarrying companies have “stopped without treatment, and the treatment is not complete” for a long time, and only 14% of the governance tasks have been completed. Baoji in the “dry belt” area of Weibei , Tongchuan, Weinan, and other places of mining and restoration work perfunctory response, seriously lagging behind. The long-term mining of Shaanxi Ruidebaoer Company caused serious ecological damage to the mountain, occupying and destroying about 46 hectares of forest land. However, Xi'an has repeatedly reported this issue to the masses, and the investigation was not strict and untrue.
The surface rectification of the garbage leachate disposal problem in Jiangcungou, Xi'an, was insufficient. The design capacity of the new leachate disposal facility was insufficient, and the long-term operation of the treatment facility was abnormal, and the load was only about 50%. For this reason, Xi'an Water Affairs Group adopted the “pollution move” method to transfer a large amount of leachate to the 11 domestic sewage treatment plants in Xi'an for temporary storage or disposal, and the environmental risks are very prominent. The Changan District of Xi'an City did not complete the pollution interception project, but by installing a "shroud cover" method to cover the river in the Chang'an section of the Zhahe River, the actual rectification work was delayed. The inspectors found that there are multiple sewage outlets along the Luanzao River. Only two overflow outlets downstream of the Ninth Sewage Treatment Plant have nearly 20,000 tons of domestic sewage discharged daily.
Fourth, pretending to rectify problems is more common. Xingping City, under the jurisdiction of Xianyang City, replaced the sewage treatment plant wetland project required by the rectification plan with a "chemical park sponge ecological wetland project" with a different address and scale. The project area has severely shrunk and the purification effect is minimal. The administrative department of water conservancy, environmental protection and protected areas of Baoji City issued illegal opinions for the Tangjiahe and Fanjiatai hydropower projects located in the Qinling Fine Salmon National Nature Reserve Experimental Area. Baoji and Longxian governments ignored the rectification plan and the management of the nature reserves. It is required that this project be promoted as a key city and county project in 2017, which will lead to the destruction of the living environment of species such as salmon.
Xi'an regards the signing of the coal-to-electricity and coal-to-gas transformation agreement as the completion of the transformation task and reports the reduction of loose coal data distortion. The Xixian New District, Liquan County, Xianyang City, Weinan City, Hancheng City and other places made false reports and misrepresented "coal to electricity, coal to gas" to complete the task, and some of the bulk coal reduction was "out of nothing." Shaanxi Meixin Industrial Investment Co., Ltd. did not strictly implement the equivalent replacement requirements for production capacity in accordance with the rectification plan, and illegally added new production capacity, and expanded the annual production capacity of 300,000 tons of electrolytic aluminum without original compliance procedures to 450,000 tons. Weinan City and Heyang County tolerate the illegal construction of Shengmu Lake, destroying nearly 3,000 acres of wetlands. After the State's "Green Shield Operation" pointed out the problem, the local government took the "natural recovery" as an excuse, and the related treatment and repair work stalled.
The special inspectors found that although Shaanxi Province has done a lot of work in the field of air pollution prevention and improvement of the quality of the atmospheric environment, the problem of structural pollution is still outstanding and the situation is still grim.
Coal reduction work is not strict. In 2017, the province's coal accounted for about 75% of the primary energy consumption structure, and did not meet the target of reducing it to below 67%. Xianyang determined that the coal consumption of Datang Binchang Power Plant in 2017 increased by 410,000 tons over the previous year, but actually increased by 600,000 tons. Weinan City determined that Shaanxi Coking Chemical Company reduced coal by 19,000 tons in 2017, but actually increased by 300,000 tons. The Tongchuan Development and Reform Commission approved 4 companies including Shengwei Building Materials and Shengwei Special Cement to reduce coal by 170,000 tons in 2017, but actually increased 180,000 tons without decreasing. Xianyang Chemical Industry Company's coal consumption increased from January to September 2018, and the government was required to coordinate coal reduction targets under the name of heating to protect people's livelihood, causing adverse social impact.
The problem of coal-fired pollution is prominent. There are more than 130 small thermal power units below 100,000 kilowatts in the province, which have high coal consumption and high pollution, but Shaanxi Province is not firm in shutting down and eliminating small thermal power units, and has not promoted it. In 2015 to 2017, only 7 small power units were shut down. Most units with high coal consumption are retained under the name of heating and steam supply or comprehensive utilization. Existing small heating units generally do not implement the “setting power with heat” as required. The demolition and modification of small boilers in the Guanzhong area has been delayed. At present, there are still 607 coal-fired boilers below 10 steam ton / hour in place, and 26 coal-fired boilers with steam capacity above 20 steam / hour have not yet completed ultra-low emission transformation. Gas-fired boilers have not completed low-nitrogen combustion transformation. In violation of the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan, Yulin City has built 121 coal-fired boilers of less than 10 steam tons since 2014.
Some industries are seriously polluted. The pollution control and supervision of the focus-focused enterprises in Hancheng City are not in place, and environmental violations are serious. Longmen Coal Chemical Co., Ltd. used the bypass flue to discharge coke oven flue gas for a long time; Heli Coal Coking Co., Ltd. deceived during the inspection and lied to complete the control work of dry quenching reform; Shaanxi Zhonghui Coal Chemical Co., Ltd. ’s V0Cs governance actually changed from decentralized emissions to Centralized emissions. Weinan City's environmental protection and other departments have insufficient supervision, and the process waste gas treatment facilities of Weihua Group have not operated normally for a long time. Shaanxi Province has not paid enough attention to the pollution control of the ceramic industry in the Guanzhong area, and has not strict requirements. The current level of pollution control of existing ceramic enterprises is low, and the fugitive emissions are serious.
Inadequate protection of clean briquettes. The clean coal distribution centers in Baoji and Xianyang have a low distribution volume and a huge difference from demand; the clean coal distribution center in the Qinhan New Town of Xixian New District stores more than 4,000 tons of industrial coal, and there is direct sales, which makes it difficult to guarantee the quality of clean coal. Coal quality supervision in some areas is not in place, and the Korean City Market Supervision Bureau failed to carry out coal quality monitoring on large coal users and key coal consumption units in the heating season as required; Yulin City Quality Supervision Bureau has never arranged for random coal quality inspection .
The inspectors demanded that the Shaanxi Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government should resolutely implement the thought of ecological civilization of internship, correctly handle the relationship between economic development and ecological environmental protection, and resolutely shoulder the political responsibility of ecological civilization construction and ecological environmental protection. It is necessary to deeply learn the lessons of illegal villa construction in Xi'an in the northern foot of the Qinling Mountains, firmly establish the concept of "green mountains and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains," and deepen the party and government responsibility and dual responsibility for the same job. We must stick to our positions and consolidate our achievements. We urge party committees and governments at all levels to focus on advancing the prevention and control of air pollution in the Fenwei plain and focus on accelerating the adjustment of the industrial energy structure. High-quality development. It is necessary to investigate accountability seriously according to discipline and law, and to instruct the relevant departments to conduct further in-depth investigations to clarify responsibilities, and to take accountability seriously, accurately, and effectively in accordance with relevant regulations.
The inspectors emphasized that the Shaanxi Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government should study and formulate rectification plans based on the feedback from the inspectors, and submit them to the State Council within 30 working days. The rectification plan and the implementation of the rectification must be made public to the society in accordance with relevant regulations.
Hu Heping pointed out that the feedback from the Central Ecological Supervision and Inspection Team of the Central Government not only affirmed the progress made by our province's environmental supervision and rectification, but also pointed out the existing problems, and put forward clear requirements for further rectification and implementation, and for future work. . The feedback questions are in line with the actual situation and the key points. The rectification requirements put forward are accurate and practical, so that we clearly see the gap between the environmental protection work of the province and the central requirements, and provide us with a "recipe" for solving outstanding environmental problems. Regarding the feedback and rectification requirements, the Provincial Party Committee and Provincial Government sincerely accept and take the initiative to claim, and resolutely and thoroughly rectify the changes to ensure that the feedback is translated into practical results of promoting ecological environmental protection. It is necessary to deeply study and implement Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization, fully understand the importance of advancing the construction of ecological civilization from the height of "four consciousnesses" and resolutely "two maintenances", and strengthen "the green mountains and green mountains are the golden mountains and the silver mountains." The idea is to implement the decisions and deployment of the Party Central Committee without compromise, and take a new path of ecological priority and green development.
Hu Heping emphasized that we must adhere to the problem-oriented approach, take rectification and implementation as a political task that must be completed, formulate a targeted rectification plan, establish a list of issues, a list of responsibilities, and a list of tasks. Strengthen accountability and accountability, consciously accept social supervision, evaluate the effectiveness of rectification with the feelings of cadres and the masses, and ensure that the work is pragmatic, the process is solid, and the results are true. Taking the opportunity of the Central Environmental Protection Inspector's "Looking Back" as an opportunity, we will coordinate the governance of the mountains, rivers, forests, lakes, and grass systems, strive to defend the blue sky, clear water, pure land, and green hills, consolidate and expand the results of the special renovation of illegal villas in the northern foot of the Qinling Mountains, and vigorously develop The energy-saving and environmental protection industry advocates a simple and moderate green lifestyle, and strives to make the Sanqin earth more blue, the water clearer, and the mountains greener. It is necessary to strengthen the "environmental responsibility of the party and the government, and double responsibility for one post" in ecological environment protection, deepen the reform of the ecological civilization system, promote environmental protection supervision in the province, implement a lifelong investigation system for the responsibility of ecological environment damage, and effectively serve the ecological civilization construction and ecological environment protection of the province. Provide strong protection.
The inspection team has also sorted out the problems of investigation of the responsibility for the damage to the ecological environment, and has transferred it to the Shaanxi Provincial Party Committee and Provincial Government for processing according to relevant regulations.
Also attending the meeting were members of the supervision team, members of the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party Committee, the Deputy Director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress, the Deputy Governor, the President of the Provincial Court, the Prosecutor of the Provincial Procuratorate, and the major responsible comrades of the relevant municipal and provincial departments.
(Responsible editor: Wang Keyuan, Chang Xuemei)
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